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Jefferson Rodrigues
Jefferson Rodrigues

Why We Suffer Peter Michaelson Pdf Download

Why We Suffer: A Western Way to Understand and Let Go of Unhappiness

Why We Suffer is a book by Peter Michaelson, a former journalist and science writer who has been in private practice as a psychotherapist for more than 25 years. The book reveals how we hide from our awareness, through resistance, denial, and psychological defenses, the existence of a hidden flaw in our psyche. This unconscious, mental-emotional processing dysfunction is a grave danger to each of us personally and to all of us collectively. Through our defense system, we cover up awareness of this inner dysfunction.

This flaw in human nature produces irrationality, self-defeat, and negative emotions. It gets the best of us only when we fail to become conscious of it. When we expose it, we begin to remedy the problem. When this flaw no longer contaminates our inner life, we feel, just for starters, our goodness and our value more fully, and we're more respectful of the goodness and value of others.

Why We Suffer Peter Michaelson Pdf Download


The book is based mainly on the work of Edmund Bergler M.D. (1899-1962), a psychoanalytic psychiatrist who wrote 25 books and almost 300 articles published in professional journals. He is largely unknown because this knowledge he produced is so humbling to our ego. Bergler's writing, which is laden with clinical terminology, does put difficult demands on readers. In a sense, Peter Michaelson is his translator.

The book is a radical break from the psychological establishment's contention that suffering is caused by such factors as cultural clashes, human malice, genetic anomalies, and brain biochemistry. The knowledge in Why We Suffer empowers individuals to resolve their suffering through their intelligence and their growing awareness of how the psyche operates.

The book is practical, specific, and scientific, and it popularizes the most powerful knowledge from psychology. The writing is polished and the ideas simplified. The text can be read and understood by a high-school student, even as the material remains intellectually stimulating.

The book shows exactly how most adults, in varying degrees, continue unwittingly and compulsively to experience and recycle painful, unresolved emotions. The book also explains how we unwittingly facilitate our own suffering by perceiving it as pleasurable or beneficial in some way.

Where to Find the Book

If you are interested in reading Why We Suffer, you can find it on various online platforms. Here are some of them:

  • : You can read a preview of the book online or buy a print copy from or other sellers.

  • : You can read reviews and ratings from other readers or write your own review.

  • : You can visit the author's website and read his blog posts on various topics related to psychology and human suffering.

Alternatively, you can also search for other sources that offer the book in PDF format for download. However, be careful of possible scams or viruses that may harm your device or compromise your personal information.


Why We Suffer is a book that can help you understand yourself and others better. It can also help you overcome your negative emotions and behaviors that cause you pain and unhappiness. By reading this book, you can learn how to free yourself from the hidden flaw in your psyche that produces your suffering. Here are some more sections that you can add to your article: How to Apply the Knowledge from the Book

Reading the book is not enough to resolve your suffering. You also need to apply the knowledge and insights that you gain from it to your own life. Here are some steps that you can follow to do that:

  • Identify your negative emotions and behaviors: The first step is to become aware of the emotions and behaviors that cause you pain and unhappiness. These can include anger, fear, guilt, shame, anxiety, depression, addiction, procrastination, self-sabotage, etc. You need to recognize how these emotions and behaviors are triggered by your inner conflict and how they affect your relationships, work, health, and well-being.

  • Analyze your psychological defenses: The second step is to understand how you use your psychological defenses to avoid facing your inner conflict. These defenses can include rationalization, projection, denial, repression, dissociation, etc. You need to see how these defenses distort your perception of reality and prevent you from resolving your suffering.

  • Expose your hidden flaw: The third step is to uncover the hidden flaw in your psyche that produces your inner conflict and suffering. This flaw is a mental-emotional processing dysfunction that makes you unconsciously identify with negative aspects of yourself and others. You need to see how this flaw operates in your subconscious mind and how it influences your thoughts, feelings, and actions.

  • Let go of your suffering: The fourth step is to let go of your suffering by becoming conscious of it and detaching yourself from it. You need to realize that your suffering is not who you are and that you have the power to choose a different way of being. You need to accept yourself and others as they are and forgive yourself and others for their mistakes. You need to cultivate positive emotions and behaviors that enhance your happiness and fulfillment.

Benefits of Reading the Book

Reading Why We Suffer can have many benefits for you personally and professionally. Here are some of them:

  • Improved self-awareness: You can gain a deeper understanding of yourself and your psyche. You can discover the root causes of your suffering and the ways you cope with it. You can learn how to recognize and change your negative patterns and habits.

  • Enhanced emotional intelligence: You can develop a greater ability to manage your emotions and express them appropriately. You can learn how to deal with stress, anger, fear, sadness, and other challenging emotions. You can also learn how to empathize with others and understand their emotions.

  • Better relationships: You can improve your communication skills and interpersonal skills. You can learn how to resolve conflicts, negotiate, cooperate, and collaborate with others. You can also learn how to build trust, respect, intimacy, and love with others.

  • Increased productivity: You can boost your motivation, creativity, focus, and efficiency. You can learn how to set goals, plan, prioritize, organize, and execute your tasks. You can also learn how to overcome procrastination, distraction, boredom, and fatigue.

  • Higher well-being: You can improve your physical health, mental health, and spiritual health. You can learn how to take care of your body, mind, and soul. You can also learn how to find meaning, purpose, joy, and peace in your life.

Here are some more sections that you can add to your article: Challenges of Reading the Book

Reading Why We Suffer is not an easy task. It requires a lot of courage, honesty, and openness to face your inner reality and confront your suffering. It also requires a lot of patience, perseverance, and practice to apply the knowledge and insights that you gain from the book to your own life. Here are some of the challenges that you may encounter while reading the book:

  • Resistance: You may feel reluctant or afraid to read the book because it challenges your ego and exposes your hidden flaw. You may try to avoid, ignore, or dismiss the book as irrelevant, wrong, or boring. You may also rationalize your suffering as normal, natural, or inevitable.

  • Denial: You may deny or minimize the existence or extent of your suffering and your hidden flaw. You may think that you are fine, happy, or successful as you are and that you do not need to change anything. You may also blame others, circumstances, or fate for your suffering.

  • Confusion: You may find the book difficult to understand or apply because it uses unfamiliar terms, concepts, or examples. You may also find the book contradictory or inconsistent with your existing beliefs, values, or experiences. You may also have doubts or questions about the validity or reliability of the book.

  • Frustration: You may feel frustrated or disappointed by the lack of immediate results or feedback from reading the book. You may also feel overwhelmed or discouraged by the amount of effort or time required to read the book and implement its suggestions. You may also encounter obstacles or setbacks in your journey of self-discovery and self-improvement.

Tips for Reading the Book

To overcome these challenges and make the most out of reading Why We Suffer, here are some tips that you can follow:

  • Be curious: Approach the book with an open mind and a willingness to learn new things. Do not judge the book by its cover, title, or author. Do not assume that you know everything or that you have nothing to learn. Be ready to challenge your assumptions and explore new perspectives.

  • Be honest: Be honest with yourself and with the book. Do not hide from your suffering or your hidden flaw. Do not pretend that everything is fine or that nothing needs to change. Acknowledge your emotions and behaviors and their consequences. Admit your mistakes and weaknesses.

Be humble: Be humble enough to admit that you do not know everything and that you need help. Do not let your ego get in the way of your learning and growth. Do not resist, deny, or reject the book's message or advice. Do not think that you are better or wor


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